Skip to main content

Turbo Machinery Syallabus

Turbo Machinery

Unit I: Energy transfer in turbo machines: application of first and second laws of thermodynamics to turbo machines, moment of momentum equation and Euler turbine equation, principles of impulse and reaction machines, degree of reaction, energy equation for relative velocities, one dimensional analysis only.
 Unit II: Steam turbines: impulse staging, velocity and pressure compounding, utilization factor, analysis for optimum U.F Curtis stage, and Rateau stage, include qualitative analysis, effect of blade and nozzle losses on vane efficiency, stage efficiency, analysis for optimum efficiency, mass flow and blade height. Reactions staging: Parson’s stages, degree of reaction, nozzle efficiency, velocity coefficient, stator efficiency, carry over efficiency, stage efficiency, vane efficiency, conditions for optimum efficiency, speed ratio, axial thrust, reheat factor in turbines, problem of radial equilibrium, free and forced vortex types of flow, flow with constant reaction, governing and performance characteristics of steam turbines.
Unit III: Water turbines: Classification, Pelton, Francis and Kaplan turbines, vector diagrams and work-done, draft tubes, governing of water turbines. Centrifugal Pumps: classification, advantage over reciprocating type, definition of mano-metric head, gross head, static head, vector diagram and work done. Performance and characteristics: Application of dimensional analysis and similarity to water turbines and centrifugal pumps, unit and specific quantities, selection of machines, Hydraulic, volumetric, mechanical and overall efficiencies, Main and operating characteristics of the machines, cavitations.
Unit IV: Rotary Fans, Blowers and Compressors: Classification based on pressure rise, centrifugal and axial flow machines. Centrifugal Blowers Vane shape, velocity triangle, degree of reactions, slip coefficient, size and speed of machine, vane shape and stresses, efficiency, characteristics, fan laws and characteristics. Centrifugal Compressor – Vector diagrams, work done, temp and pressure ratio, slip factor, work input factor, pressure coefficient, Dimensions of inlet eye, impeller and diffuser. Axial flow Compressors- Vector diagrams, work done factor, temp and pressure ratio, degree of reaction, Dimensional Analysis, Characteristics, surging, Polytrophic and isentropic efficiencies.
Unit V: Power Transmitting turbo machines: Application and general theory, their torque ratio, speed ratio, slip and efficiency, velocity diagrams, fluid coupling and Torque converter, characteristics, Positive displacement machines and turbo machines, their distinction. Positive displacement pumps with fixed and variable displacements, Hydrostatic systems hydraulic intensifier, accumulator, press and crane.
1. Venkanna BK; turbomachinery; PHI
2. Shepherd DG; Turbo machinery
3. Csanady; Turbo machines
4. Kadambi V Manohar Prasad; An introduction to EC Vol. III-Turbo machinery; Wiley Eastern Delhi
5. Bansal R. K; Fluid Mechanics & Fluid Machines;
6. Rogers Cohen & Sarvan Multo Gas Turbine Theory

7. Kearton W. J; Steam Turbine: Theory & Practice


Popular posts from this blog

Strength of Material Important Questions

UNIT - 1 SIMPLE STRESSES & STRAIN 1.A load of 5 KN is to be raised with the help of a steel wire. Find the diameter of steel wire, if the maximum stress is not to exceed 100 MN/m2.[ 7.28 mm] 2.A circular rod of diameter 20 m and 500 m long is subjected to tensile force of 45kN. The modulus of elasticity for steel may be taken as 200 KN/m2. Find stress, strain and elongation of bar due to applied load.[ 143.24 N/m2, 0.000716, 0.36] 3.Find the minimum diameter of the steel wire, which is used to raise a load of 4000N if the stress in the rod is not to exceed 95 MN/m2 . [d=7.32 mm] 4. Find the young modulus of a brass rod of diameter 25mm and of length 250mm which is subjected to a tensile load of 50kN when the extension of the rod is equal to 0.3mm. [E = 84.88 X 109N/m2] 5.A hollow cast-iron cylinder 4 m long, 300 mm outer diameter, and thickness of metal 50 mm is subjected to a central load on the top when standing straight. The stress produced is 75000 kN/m2. Assume Young's modulus …

Analysis of Bar of Uniform Strength